ELECTRIC BIKE MANUFACTURERS. BIKE MANUFACTURERS
Electric bike manufacturers. Green wheel bike. Track bike racing.
Electric Bike Manufacturers
- An electric bicycle, also known as an e-bike, is a bicycle with an electric motor used to power the vehicle.
- a bicycle which is powered both by human pedalling and/or a battery, any electric bike you wish to insure must not be subject to the requirements of the Road Traffic Act.
- A person or company that makes goods for sale
- (manufacture) put together out of artificial or natural components or parts; "the company fabricates plastic chairs"; "They manufacture small toys"; He manufactured a popular cereal"
- (manufacture) create or produce in a mechanical way; "This novelist has been manufacturing his books following his initial success"
- (manufacture) industry: the organized action of making of goods and services for sale; "American industry is making increased use of computers to control production"
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Douglas was a British motorcycle manufacturer from 1907–1957 based in Kingswood, Bristol, owned by the Douglas family, and especially known for its horizontally opposed twin cylinder engined bikes and as manufacturers of speedway machines. They also built a range of cars between 1913 and 1922.
The brothers William and Edward Douglas founded the Douglas Engineering Company in Bristol in 1882. Initially doing Blacksmith work, they progressed to foundry work, and then acquired the flat twin design of W. J. Barter, the founder of Light Motors Ltd. Barter had produced his first single-cylinder motorcycle between 1902 and 1904, and then a 200 cc horizontal twin called the Fair but the Light Motors Ltd. failed in 1907 and was taken over by the Douglas family.
From 1907 they sold a Douglas 350 cc version. In 1915 the engine was placed lengthways in the frame with belt final drive, and electric lighting. During World War I Douglas was a major motorcycle supplier, making around 70,000 motorcycles for military use.
In the 1920s Douglas built the first disc brakes, and had a Royal Warrant for the supply of motorcycles to the Princes, Albert and Henry.
Douglas motorcycles also became popular in dirt track racing and initially the 1923 RA model with disc brakes was favoured. This prompted Douglas to build specific dirt track models. These bikes gradually increased in size and power with 500 cc and 600 cc engines fitted to the DT5 and DT6 Dirt Track models in the late 1920s and early 1930s. The engines had hemispherical heads and a short rigid forged crankshaft. They dominated dirt track racing for about three years. In 1929, the most successful dirt racing year, 1,200 Dirt Track motorcycles were sold.
The Endeavour, a 494 cc shaft drive model came out in 1934. Like other companies of the time, they were struggling, and attempting to diversify into other modes of transport. In 1935 they were taken over by BAC, Bond Aircraft and Engineering Company.
Motorcycle production continued into World War II and was extended to generators. In 1948, not long after the war, Douglas was in difficulty again and reduced its output to the 350 cc flat twin models. The 1955 350 cc Douglas Dragonfly was the last model produced. Westinghouse Brake and Signal bought Douglas out and production of Douglas Motorcycles ended in 1957.
Douglas continued to import Vespa scooters into the UK and later imported and assembled Gilera motorcycles.
French Electric Tandem around 1900, ridden by Dacier & Jalabert
This tandem electrique was an invention of the Frenchmen de Clerc et Pingault. On Mai 22 1897 this tandem rode 1 km in 57 4/5 seconds.
The tandem will not have been lightweighted. What would have weighed those four batteries? A weight that the frame should also bear in addition to the two cyclists. Also I see nothing that looks like a brake.
De Clerc & Pingault will soon develop and produce other vehicles.
e-Bicycles in The Netherland
One source suggests that Gazelle in The Netherlands in 1915 has designed an electric tandem too, with an 8- and 9-volt battery.
But only between 1935 and 1937 the first Dutch electric bicycle (no tandem) will be sold. It is an electric bike with 12-volt battery, developed by Philips and built by five Dutch bicycle manufacturers including Gazelle. In total 117 were built.
So no smashing success.
Today, this is quite different in the Netherlands. Even many of my peers have an electric bike. I don't. For now I think that such an e-bicycle is too decadent. But I admit: they are increasingly common.
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